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History

History

The region now covered by the Principality of Liechtenstein was first occupied during the Neolithic Period and has been an independent state under the rule of the Princely House of Liechtenstein since 1719.

In 15 BC it was captured by the Romans and became part of the province of Raetia. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the area was ruled by the Franks and grew increasingly germanised with the arrival of Alemannic migrants. The modern state was created by the Princes of Liechtenstein by purchasing the County of Vaduz (1712) and the lands of Schellenberg (1699) and merging these territories in 1719 to form the Imperial Principality. This historical division remains present today, with Oberland (south) and Unterland (north) forming the country's two electoral constituencies.

1342 Formation of the County of Vaduz 
1396 The County of Vaduz becomes subject to the Emperor's direct authority 
1699 Prince Johann Adam Andreas purchases the lands of Schellenberg 
1712 Prince Johann Adam Andreas purchases the County of Vaduz 
1719 Liechtenstein becomes independent principality under Holy Roman Empire
1806 Sovereignty through membership of the Rhine Confederation 
1815 Membership of the German Confederation 
1852 Customs Treaty with Austria 
1862 New constitution comes into force 
1868 Abolishment of the army of Liechtenstein 
1919 Abolishment of the Customs Treaty with Austria 
1921 New constitution comes into force 
1924 Customs Treaty with Switzerland, introduction of the Swiss franc 
1938 Princely Family takes up residence in the Castle of Vaduz 
1950 Member of the International Court of Justice in the Hague 
1975 Member of the CSCE (today OSCE) 
1978 Member of the Council of Europe 
1990 160th member of the UN 
1991 Member of EFTA 
1995 Accession to the European Economic Area (EEA) 
1995 Accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) 
1997 Establishment of the Archdiocese Vaduz
1999 300 years Unterland
2003 New constitution enters into force
2004 Hereditary Prince Alois is appointed representative of Prince Hans-Adam II
2006 200 years of sovereignty